Kanak Champa

Kanak Champa
Kanak Champa Kanak Champa Kanak Champa Kanak Champa
Name: Kanak Champa
Common Name: Kanak Champa
Botanical Name: Pterospermum acerifolium
Availability: In Stock


bayur ?maple-leaved bayur ?dinnerplate tree kanak/katha champa ?kaniar ?muchkand A large from moist sub-Hamalayan tracts with very broad, shallowly lobed leaves, dark green on top and downy pale underneath. Young gwigs and flower buds are densely rusty-hairy. The fragrant, pure-white flowers are exposed when the flower-cup peels backwards like a banana skin. A common ornamental tree in large gardens in Delhi

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Large tree; deciduous
Bark greyish, gradually becoming darker and rough
Twigs densely rusty-hairy when young
Leaves large, very broad, irregularly lobed; glossy green on top, wooly-grey underneath
Flower buds khaki, rusty-hairy, spliting into 5 narrow segments; 5 very long petals, pure white, fragrant
Fruit a 5-angled woody capsule up to 15 cm long
FLOWERS solitary or 2-3 together, arising from leaf axils. The long, Khaki flower buds open by splitiong into 5 slender segments, peeling backwards. The 5 pure-white spetals are only slightly shorter, tubular at first, opening at night and visited by bats. Each flower lasts only for a single night. They are deliciously fragrant. 

SEASON-LEAVES shed in late February or early March, followed soon after by new leaves. Flowers appear in March, with some threes still in flower at the end of April. Fruit take nearly a year to develop, releasing their seeds in February-March.

LEAVES variable in shape and size up to 40 cm long and nearly as broad. Margins are irregularly, shallowly lobed. The leaves are smooth, dark glossy green on top, pale grey and densely downy underneath. 
FRUIT a woody capsule up to 15 cm long, covered with rough, brown hair. it is distinctly 5-angled and opens in 5 sections to reveal neatly packaged rows of flattened seeds with thin, shiny wings on one side. 
BARK grey or grey-brown, becoming progressively roughter and cracked as the tree ages. 
HABITAT A typical 'pioneer' tree tending to regenerate in gaps in the forest or at the fringes. In dry areas at grows near swamps or along streams, ascending to about 1200 m ion the hills. It is normally evergreen in its natural, moist habitat but goes bare for a brief period in dry situations like Delhi. It tolerates forest well and prefers full sunshine. 
RANGE Within the subcontinent, it occurs throughout the sub-Himalayan tract E of the Yamuna but is more at home towards the wetter, eastern hills. MP and Orissa have scattered populations. Outside India, its range extends through Myanmar and Thailand into Java. 
USES The leaves are used as plates and both bark and leaves were once used as a remedy for small-pox and still find use in fold medicine to treat wounds and itching. The flowers are believed to cure ulcers, tumours, leprosy and diseases of the blood, and to be an insect repellant. The reddish heartwood can be ornamental with a purplish tinge and fine ripple marks. The timber is durable, moderatly hard and strong and is used for high-class joinery, panelling, flooring, furniture and toys.

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