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Jade Plant - Elephant Bush Plant, Cacti, Brain Cactus

Jade Plant - Elephant Bush Plant, Cacti, Brain Cactus

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The Elephant Bush Plant: A Guide to Growing and Caring for Portulacaria afra

The Elephant Bush (Portulacaria afra) is a fascinating and versatile succulent plant that's perfect for both indoor and outdoor settings. Known for its thick, woody stems and small, glossy leaves, this plant is native to South Africa and is a popular choice among succulent enthusiasts due to its easy care requirements and ornamental appeal. Here's a comprehensive guide on how to grow and care for the Elephant Bush plant.

Plant Characteristics

The Elephant Bush is a member of the Portulacaceae family and is often referred to as "Spekboom" in South Africa. It has several notable characteristics:

  • Appearance: The plant features small, round, green leaves that resemble the shape of a small elephant's ear, hence its name.
  • Growth Habit: In its native habitat, Elephant Bush can grow up to 4 meters (13 feet) tall as a shrub or small tree, though it can be maintained as a smaller, bushy houseplant through pruning.
  • Hardiness: This plant is drought-tolerant and can withstand neglect, making it an excellent choice for beginners.

How to Grow Elephant Bush

1. Light: Elephant Bush thrives in bright, indirect light but can adapt to lower light conditions. Ideally, place it near a south-facing window indoors or in a location with partial shade outdoors.

2. Temperature: This succulent prefers warm temperatures between 65°F to 80°F (18°C to 27°C). Protect it from temperatures below 50°F (10°C), especially during winter.

3. Soil: Use a well-draining soil mix designed for succulents or cacti. A blend of potting soil, sand, and perlite works well.

4. Watering: Water thoroughly but allow the soil to dry out between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot. Reduce watering in winter when growth slows down.

5. Propagation: Elephant Bush is easy to propagate from stem cuttings. Simply cut a piece of stem, let it callous for a few days, then place it in soil to root.

Elephant Bush Care Tips

  • Pruning: Regularly pinch back or prune the stems to maintain a compact and bushy shape. Pruned stems can be used for propagation.
  • Fertilizing: Feed sparingly with a balanced, diluted succulent fertilizer during the growing season (spring and summer).
  • Pests: Watch out for common succulent pests like mealybugs and spider mites. Treat infestations promptly with insecticidal soap.
  • Repotting: Repot every 2-3 years or when the plant outgrows its container.

Uses and Benefits

Aside from being an attractive ornamental plant, Elephant Bush has additional benefits:

  • Carbon Sequestration: In its natural habitat, Portulacaria afra is known for its ability to sequester carbon dioxide, making it useful for combating climate change.
  • Edible Uses: In South Africa, the leaves of Elephant Bush are edible and high in Vitamin C, with a tangy flavor.
  • Landscape Plant: In warmer climates, Elephant Bush can be grown outdoors as ground cover or in rock gardens.


The Elephant Bush plant is a wonderful addition to any succulent collection, offering beauty, resilience, and ease of care. Whether grown indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in a suitable climate, this versatile succulent is sure to thrive with minimal attention. With the right care and conditions, you can enjoy the charm of the Elephant Bush for many years to come.

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